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Scrap metal recycling involves the recovery and processing of metal scraps from end-of-life products or structures, as well as from household and industrial manufacturing scrap, so that it can be introduced as a raw material in the production of new goods and products. It can be recycled repeatedly with no significant degradation of its properties. It provides the raw material for new products, while offering a much lower carbon footprint and more efficient utilization of resources rather than new material.  

 Away from the diversion of materials from landfills, other important benefits of metal recycling contrasted with the extraction of virgin metal include a reduction in energy consumption as well as in the use of other natural resources. For example, recycled aluminum requires 95 percent less energy, while copper needs 90 percent less, and steel 56 percent less. Moreover, the recycling of one ton of steel avoids the use of 2,500 pounds of iron ore, 1,400 pounds of coal and 120 pounds of limestone.

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